Nobel Peace Prize Significance: The nobel peace prize depicts 3 naked men with their hands on each others shoulders and is awarded to those who "in the preceding year have conferred the
greatest benefit on mankind."
Nobel Peace Prize Significance: The Nobel Peace Prize is an international prize which is awarded annually by the Norwegian Nobel Committee according to guidelines laid down in Alfred Nobel's will. The Peace Prize is one of five prizes that have been awarded annually since 1901 under the auspices of the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm for outstanding contributions in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. Starting in 1969, a Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel has also been awarded.
Nobel Peace Prize Significance: Whereas the other prizes are awarded by specialist committees based in Sweden, the Peace Prize is awarded by a committee appointed by the Norwegian Storting. According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize is to go to whoever "shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses". The prize includes a medal, a personal diploma, and a large sum of prize money (currently 10 million Swedish crowns).
Nobel Peace Prize Significance: The Nobel Peace Prize has been called "the world's most prestigious prize". With the award to Al Gore and the IPCC in 2007, a total of 95 individuals and 23 organizations have been awarded the Peace Prize. The Prize is awarded at a ceremony in the Oslo City Hall on December 10, the date on which Alfred Nobel died.
Nobel Peace Prize Significance: 1) The peace movement (leaders of the International Peace Bureau and the International Arbitration League); (2) Humanitarian work (Albert Schweitzer, Mother Teresa, the Red Cross, the UNHCR); (3) International Organisations (UN agencies such as the ILO); (4)Disarmament (Alva Myrdal and Alfonso Garcia Robles, Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences); (5) Statesmen (The largest group, including: Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Willy Brandt, Henry Kissinger, Anwar Sadat and Menachim Begin , Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela and Willem de Klerk, John Hume and David Trimble); (6)Human Rights (Desmond Tutu, Martin Luther King, Andrei Sakharov, Adolfo Perez Esquivel, the Dalai Lama).
Nobel Peace Prize Significance: During the war the Nobel Peace prize was not given. Actually the years 1939-1943 there was no recipient. The year 1944 saw the International Committee of the Red Cross accept the prize. In the year preceding the war 1938 the prize went to Nansen International Office for Refugees, an organization authorized by the League of Nations in 1930.
Nobel Peace Prize Significance: Extract from Alfred Nobel's Will:
The whole of my remaining realizable estate shall be dealt with in the following way:
The capital shall be invested by my executors in safe securities and shall constitute a fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind. The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics; one part to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement; one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine; one part to the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency; and one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity among nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.
The prizes for physics and chemistry shall be awarded by the Swedish Academy of Sciences; that for physiological or medical works by Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm; that for literature by the Academy in Stockholm; and that for champions of peace by a committee of five persons to be elected by the Norwegian Storting. It is my expressed wish that in awarding the prizes no consideration whatever shall be given to the nationality of the candidates, so that the most worthy shall receive the prize, whether he be Scandinavian or not.